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What is Vakalatnama?

What is Vakalatnama? Vakalatnama: Representing Yourself in Court Through an Advocate

A Vakalatnama is a legal document in India that authorizes an advocate to represent a party in court proceedings. It essentially grants the advocate power of attorney to act on your behalf for a specific case or matter.

Here’s a detailed breakdown of what a Vakalatnama is and how it works:


  • Enables individuals or parties to engage the services of an advocate to represent them in court proceedings.
  • Gives the advocate legal authority to file documents, make submissions, argue points, and take necessary actions on the client’s behalf.
  • Streamlines the legal process for parties who lack legal expertise or time to handle court proceedings themselves.


  • Typically includes the following details:
    • Case details: Court name, case number, nature of the case, parties involved.
    • Client information: Name, address, contact details.
    • Advocate information: Name, address, registration number.
    • Scope of authority: Specific powers granted to the advocate, such as filing petitions, arguing specific points, withdrawing the case.
    • Signature of the client and witness (if any).


  • General Vakalatnama: Authorizes the advocate to represent the client in all aspects of the case.
  • Special Vakalatnama: Grants limited authority for specific actions, like filing a particular petition or appearing for a specific hearing.


  • Must be drafted on plain paper or standardized forms specific to certain courts.
  • Needs to be signed by the client and witnessed by another person (can be an advocate or notary public).
  • Some courts may have specific requirements for content and format.


  • Provides professional legal representation in court, increasing the chances of a favorable outcome.
  • Saves the client time and effort by handling the complexities of legal proceedings.
  • Ensures proper compliance with court procedures and rules.


  • The client remains ultimately responsible for the case’s outcome and any legal costs incurred.
  • It’s crucial to choose a trustworthy and competent advocate to represent your interests effectively.
  • The scope of authority granted in the Vakalatnama must be clearly defined to avoid misunderstandings.

Making a Vakalatnama:

  • You can draft the document yourself based on available samples or legal resources.
  • Consult with your chosen advocate for assistance in drafting and understanding the terms.
  • Some courts provide pre-formatted Vakalatnama forms that you can download and fill in.
  • Ensure to follow the specific requirements of the court in which your case is filed.


  • A Vakalatnama is a legal document with binding implications. Understand its contents and implications before signing.
  • Maintain a copy of the Vakalatnama for your records.
  • If you need to change your advocate or revoke the Vakalatnama, follow the proper legal procedures.

I hope this detailed explanation helps you understand the concept and practicalities of Vakalatnama in India. Please let me know if you have any further questions.

Adcocate J.S. Rohilla (Civil & Criminal Lawyer in Indore)

Contact: 88271 22304

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