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FAQ: Domestic Violence Cases Acts and Punishments

FAQ: Domestic Violence Cases Acts and Punishments; Understanding Domestic Violence Laws in India: A Comprehensive Guide

Domestic violence is a serious issue that affects millions of individuals in India. Understanding the legal framework surrounding it is crucial for seeking protection and accountability. Here’s a comprehensive guide to domestic violence laws in India:

Key legislation:

  • The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005 (PWDVA): This Act forms the central pillar of legal protection against domestic violence. It defines domestic violence broadly, encompassing physical, emotional, sexual, verbal, and economic abuse. The Act empowers victims to seek various reliefs, including:
    • Protection orders: These orders can restrain the abuser from contacting or harming the victim, residing in the shared household, or disposing of shared assets.
    • Residence orders: These orders grant the victim exclusive possession of the shared household.
    • Maintenance orders: These orders require the abuser to provide financial support to the victim.
    • Compensation orders: These orders require the abuser to compensate the victim for any expenses incurred due to the violence.

Other relevant laws:

  • Indian Penal Code, 1860: This Code contains various provisions that can be applied to punish specific acts of violence, such as assault, cruelty, and dowry harassment.
  • Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961: This Act prohibits the giving or taking of dowry and prescribes punishment for violation.

Who can file a complaint under PWDVA?

  • Any woman who has been subjected to domestic violence by:
    • Her husband or a male partner, living or separated.
    • Any relative living in the same household.

Steps to file a complaint:

  1. Approach the police: File a complaint with the local police station or directly with the Protection Officer appointed under the Act.
  2. Medical examination: Undergo a medical examination if you have suffered physical injuries.
  3. Protection order: Apply for a protection order before the Magistrate.
  4. Legal assistance: Seek legal advice from a lawyer specializing in domestic violence cases.

Important resources:

  • National Commission for Women:
  • OneStop Crisis Centres: These centers provide comprehensive support to victims of violence, including legal aid, counseling, and shelter.
  • Domestic Violence Helpline


  • It’s important to remember that domestic violence can affect anyone, regardless of gender, caste, religion, or socioeconomic status.
  • Seeking help is a sign of strength, not weakness. There is no shame in experiencing domestic violence, and you deserve to live a safe and violence-free life.

Understanding domestic violence laws in India is crucial for both potential victims and those working towards its eradication. The legal framework, encompassing the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act and relevant sections of the Indian Penal Code, aims to provide comprehensive protection and redressal for victims of domestic violence. It is essential for individuals to be aware of their rights and the available legal remedies to combat this pervasive issue in our society.

I hope this comprehensive guide provides you with a better understanding of domestic violence laws in India. Remember, resources and support are available, and you are not alone.

Disclaimer: This information is intended for general guidance only and does not constitute legal advice. Please consult with a qualified lawyer for personalized advice specific to your situation.

Adcocate J.S. Rohilla (Civil & Criminal Lawyer in Indore)

Contact: 88271 22304

Post Author: admin

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