Site Loader
Cheque Bounce Lawyer Indore

Legal implications of cheque bounce in Indore

Legal Implications of Cheque Bounce in Indore

  1. Applicable Laws: The legal implications of cheque bounce in Indore are primarily governed by the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881, which defines the rights and liabilities associated with cheques.
  2. Criminal Offense: Issuing a bounced cheque is a criminal offense in Indore under Section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act. It can lead to imprisonment for a term of up to two years and/or a fine of twice the cheque amount.
  3. Notice: The payee must issue a legal notice within 30 days of receiving the memo from the bank informing about the cheque bounce. The notice must demand payment within 15 days from the date of receipt.
  4. Filing a Complaint: If the drawer fails to make the payment within 15 days of receiving the legal notice, the payee can file a criminal complaint before the Judicial Magistrate First Class (JMFC) within 30 days from the expiry of the notice period.
  5. Jurisdiction: The complaint should be filed in the JMFC within whose territorial jurisdiction the bank branch where the payee holds the account is situated.
  6. Evidence: The payee must provide evidence of the cheque, memo received from the bank, legal notice, and proof of delivery of the notice to strengthen the case against the drawer.
  7. Burden of Proof: In a cheque bounce case, the burden of proving the dishonor of the cheque and the liability of the drawer lies with the payee.
  8. Compensation: If the drawer is convicted, the court may direct the drawer to pay compensation to the payee, which can be twice the amount of the cheque.
  9. Defenses Available: The drawer can defend against the accusation by proving that the cheque was issued as a gift, the payee has no legally enforceable debt, or that the cheque was issued as security and not for discharging an existing liability.
  10. Alternate Dispute Resolution: The parties may explore settlement through mediation or conciliation to resolve the dispute amicably, subject to the agreement of both parties.
  11. Appeals: Both the complainant and the accused have the right to appeal against the order of the JMFC within 30 days of the pronouncement of the judgment.
  12. Non-Appearance: If the drawer fails to appear before the court during the trial, the court may proceed with the case ex-parte.
  13. Civil Remedy: Apart from criminal proceedings, the payee also has the option to file a civil suit for recovery of the cheque amount along with interest and legal expenses.
  14. Bank’s Role: Banks are required to maintain records of cheque bounce incidents and provide necessary information to the court during legal proceedings.
  15. Limitation Period: A complaint under Section 138 must be filed within one month from the date of the expiry of the notice period, beyond which the court may not entertain the complaint.
  16. Presumption of Liability: In cheque bounce cases, there is a legal presumption that the cheque was issued for the discharge of a debt or liability unless proven otherwise.
  17. Cross-Examination: Both the complainant and the accused have the right to cross-examine the witnesses presented by the other party.
  18. Multiple Complaints: If there are multiple cheque bounce incidents, separate complaints should be filed for each dishonored cheque.
  19. Legal Representation: It is advisable for both parties to seek legal representation to understand their rights, obligations, and to navigate the legal proceedings effectively.
  20. Legal Advice: It is crucial to consult with a legal professional who specializes in cheque bounce cases in Indore to obtain accurate advice and guidance based on the specific circumstances of your case.

Please note that this information is a general overview, and it’s important to consult with a lawyer to understand the specific details and legal procedures in Indore.

Post Author: admin

error: Content is protected !!