New IPC CrPC Evidence Act PDF
The Indian Penal Code (IPC), the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), and the Indian Evidence Act are all over 100 years old. They have been amended several times over the years, but they are still largely based on British law. In August 2023, the Indian government introduced three bills to repeal and replace these laws.
The Indian government has introduced three bills to repeal and replace the Indian Penal Code (IPC), the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), and the Indian Evidence Act. These bills are known as the Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita Bill, 2023 (BNS Bill), the Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita Bill, 2023 (BNSS Bill), and the Bharatiya Sakshya Bill, 2023 (BS Bill).
The Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita, 2023 (BNS Bill) will replace the IPC. The BNS Bill proposes a number of changes to the IPC, including:
- Increasing the punishment for mob lynching to capital punishment.
- Making it a crime to sexually exploit women on the false promise of marriage.
- Repealing the sedition law.
- Creating new offences such as organised crime, cybercrime, and hate speech.
The Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita, 2023 (BNSS Bill) will replace the CrPC. The BNSS Bill proposes a number of changes to the CrPC, including:
- Introducing videography of police interrogations.
- Permitting the conduct of trials of proclaimed offenders in absentia.
- Providing for deemed sanction if authorities fail to grant it within 120 days.
- Increasing the remand period for accused persons.
The Bharatiya Sakshya Bill, 2023 (BS Bill) will replace the Indian Evidence Act. The BS Bill proposes a number of changes to the Indian Evidence Act, including:
- Expanding the scope of admissible evidence.
- Clarifying the rules of hearsay evidence.
- Introducing new rules of evidence for digital evidence.
The three bills have been sent to the parliamentary standing committee on home affairs for scrutiny. It is not yet clear when they will be passed into law. The introduction of these new laws is a significant step in the reform of India’s criminal justice system. The bills propose a number of changes that are intended to make the system more efficient and effective. However, there are also some concerns about the potential for abuse of these powers. It will be important to carefully monitor the implementation of these laws to ensure that they are used in a fair and just manner.
Adcocate J.S. Rohilla (Civil & Criminal Lawyer in Indore)
Contact: 88271 22304