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Procedure for transfer of suits from one civil court to another civil court

Procedure for transfer of suits from one civil court to another civil court

Procedure for Transfer of Suits from One Civil Court to Another Civil Court: A Detailed Guide

In the Indian legal system, the transfer of suits from one civil court to another is a common practice. This process is governed by the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (CPC), which outlines the circumstances under which transfer can occur and the procedures to be followed. Understanding this process is crucial for legal professionals and parties involved in civil litigation.

Grounds for Transfer

The CPC specifies various grounds for transferring suits between civil courts. These grounds include:

  1. Lack of Jurisdiction: If a suit is filed in a court that lacks jurisdiction, it can be transferred to a court with the appropriate authority. (Section 21 of the CPC)
  2. Convenience of Parties and Witnesses: When transferring a suit would be more convenient for the parties and witnesses involved, the court may consider such a transfer. (Section 22 of the CPC)
  3. Fair and Impartial Trial: If the court where the suit is pending cannot provide a fair and impartial trial, it may transfer the suit to a different court to ensure a just outcome. (Section 24 of the CPC)
  4. Suo Moto Transfer: The court may initiate the transfer of a suit on its own motion, if it deems such action necessary in the interests of justice. (Section 45 of the CPC)

Procedure for Transfer

The procedure for transferring suits between civil courts involves a series of steps:

  1. Application for Transfer: An application for transfer must be filed with the court where the suit is currently pending. This application can be submitted by either party involved or by the court itself. (Section 22 of the CPC)
  2. Notice to Parties: The court must provide notice of the transfer application to all parties involved in the suit. This notice ensures that all parties have an opportunity to express their opinions and raise objections. (Section 23 of the CPC)
  3. Hearing: The court conducts a hearing to consider the transfer application. During this hearing, the court will listen to the arguments presented by both parties and consider any objections raised. (Section 23 of the CPC)
  4. Order for Transfer: Based on the hearing and the arguments presented, the court will issue an order either approving or rejecting the transfer application. The court’s decision will be based on the grounds for transfer and the interests of justice. (Section 23 of the CPC)

Appellate Jurisdiction

An order passed by the trial court regarding the transfer of a suit can be appealed to the High Court. The High Court has the authority to review the trial court’s decision and either uphold, modify, or reverse the order. (Section 24 of the CPC)

Supreme Court Power

The Supreme Court of India holds the ultimate power to transfer any suit or appeal from any court in India to any other court in the country. This power is granted by Article 139A of the Constitution of India.


The transfer of suits between civil courts serves as a valuable mechanism for ensuring that justice is served effectively and impartially. The CPC provides a clear framework for transferring suits under specific circumstances, and the courts follow a well-defined procedure to ensure that all parties have their rights protected. Understanding this process is essential for legal professionals and parties involved in civil litigation to navigate the complexities of transferring suits between courts.

Adcocate J.S. Rohilla (Civil & Criminal Lawyer in Indore)

Contact: 88271 22304

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